Scientists Have Identified 4 Types of Personality in Which We All Group! What is Yours?

This new study published in the journal Nature Human Behavior and conducted by researchers from the Northwestern University of Illinois who have revolutionized modern psychology, which largely rejects the idea that people can be classified into personality types.

For these new analyzes, scholars analyzed the answers supplied by about 1. five million people all over the world to four different personality questionnaires available online: the IPIP-NEO (in two versions, one for 120 and the other for 300 questions), the myPersonality project and the BBC Big Personality Test.

The tests evaluated each individual on 4 well-established personality characteristics, the so-called Big Four: neuroticism (or “emotional stability”), extroversion, openness to experience (or openness of mind), friendliness and conscientiousness. Later, doctoral student Martin Gerlach who conducted the research, and his team wanted to always check whether people tended to cluster around similar levels of shared personality traits, finding at least four clusters.

The new 4 forms of personality

Medium / common, reserved, self-centered and role model: here are the four types of personalities, which over time can also be changed, identified by a new study.

Based on the data obtained from some questionnaires compiled by over one and a half million people, some American psychologists have actually managed to distinguish new and precise kinds of personalities in which people tend to gather.


Medium: it is the category where most people fall, particularly women, and is characterized by having high scores of neuroticism and extroversion, but low in openness


Reserved: an emotionally stable subject, not open – that is, maybe not particularly outgoing – nor neurotic. Additionally it is a rather friendly and conscientious trait

Role model: it seems to be always a category in which it really is more and more likely to fall as age increases and if you are a female. It is characterized by low scores in neuroticism and high in all the faculties.


Self-centered: he’s a subject with high scores in extroversion, but below average with regards to openness, friendliness, and conscientiousness. It is a kind of personality that statistically tends to decrease among people over the years.


To verify the reliability of these new aggregations of phonological characteristics, American scholars have considered a group of male adolescents, notoriously a category of self-centered subjects. Indeed, the data show that young males are highly represented in the self-centered group, while girls over 15 years are very few.

What’s the use of once you know these 4 personalities? Probably to the operators of mental health centers, as well as in neuro-scientific personnel selection and in particular for the decision of managers. Nevertheless, you, in which of the 4 personalities can you recognize yourself?

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